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Job hunting?
Have a plan in place

Your plan may include an intense period of writing letters to employers, making phone calls, sending emails and personal visits. Some people like to work in these bursts of energy other may prefer a regular approach, perhaps having a personal target to send two letters every day.

Whatever your approach it is important to have a plan and follow it through as job hunting can have its ups and downs and having a plan is a way of keeping the control in your hands and being able to keep going without giving up.

A note
about safety

If you make personal visits to employers it is best to visit established employers like shops, offices or companies with a proper reception or office.

This may not always be possible so go with a chosen friend, make sure you tell someone where you are going and have a charged phone with you.

don't give up

If after some weeks of searching you have not yet found your first choice you may think of a “Plan B”. This is always a good idea and thinking more broadly about what you would like to do is a positive and realistic thing.

For example you may want to work in an estate agent’s office but looking for other types of business related jobs can be a useful stepping stone.

Think of the skills an estate agent may be looking for...people skills, ability to use the phone, and communicate with people, the ability to sell and to talk to customers. These are all skills you could develop within other jobs which are not your first choice.


There are several ways of approaching employers for work:

Visiting in person


Writing and CV preparation
The interview
Remember: make your first impression a good one!
Examples of Vocational Qualifications
EBP Kent - Careers advice - Plan
EBP Kent - Careers advice - Safety
EBP Kent - Careers advice - Persevere
EBP Kent - Careers advice - How to approach employers

Approaching employers - Visiting in person

Things to think about:

Tell someone where you are going
Tell a family member what you plan to do, where you are going and when you expect to be back

Consider bringing a friend
This is helpful, not just form a safety point of view but job hunting can be a bit lonely and tiring without support. However your friend will need to be patient and the kind of person that would be able to support you appropriately

Take a mobile phone with credit and charged
If you are handing your mobile numbers to employers you need to be contactable. A receptionist could pass your CV to a manager while you are making your visits

Stick to employers that have a proper reception or areas where the public visit
Some employers are situated in areas off the beaten track. In these cases a phone call is probably better

Bring CVs- You won’t have a chance to go back and get more copies, make sure you have a good supply
A CV “speaks for you” especially if you don’t know what to say and it can quickly change the situation into a businesslike transaction where the employer understands what is being asked of them

Dress in smart clothes, be polite and think about you come across
You will probably find employers will give you more time and attention if you dress smartly and come over in a business-like way

Prepare what you are going to say beforehand
It’s a good plan to rehearse what you are going to say beforehand. After the first few employers you will find it much easier

Approaching employers - Phoning

Things to think about:

Have everything you need, pen paper, information, charged phone
Make sure you have everything you need to hand. A charged phone, working pens, paper, details of the employer. It is easy to get muddled so being organised in this way will help to relax you.

Think about the environment
Think about your situation. Is the area quite and free from interruptions, is there a table so you can write without having to juggle with the phone,

Rehearse what you are going to say
Rehearsing what to say will help to relax you. You may use the exact combination of words with each employer. Something like “I going to be leaving school in the summer and I’m looking for a job or apprenticeship and I was wondering if you were likely to have anything like this come up in the near future”

Be confident
An employer may be busy but they will hopefully be happy to spare at least a few moments with you on the phone. One day you may be on the receiving end of such calls, this will be your chance to be nice to a job hunter like you!

Take your time
Every time you phone an employer it is good to be positive and treat every call as a separate and new opportunity. This will slow the pace what you say and you will come over much better to the employer.

Keep records
Often an employer will suggest you phone back at a particular time or date. Remember to ask for the details of the person you need to talk to and keep a record to what to do and when. Some people love to keep note books or folders. Make the system your own, however you prefer to work.

Approaching employers - Writing letters and sending CVs

Writing letters and sending CVs can be a good way of introducing yourself to an employer but a letter can be followed up by a phone call to increase the effect.

Writing a CV
Here is an example CV. Remember that you are in charge of how the CV looks and what sections and heading you use. For example on the section called “Skills Profile” use your own heading which include your best qualities and skills. You could use the following:

Practical Skills

People Skills

Leadership skills

Creative skills

Team work Skills

Organisational Skills


Problem Solving


Verbal Skills

Communication Skills


Time management


Ashley Smith
12 Town Street
CT11 8GF
07523 8132090, 01843 711111

I am a practical and energetic person. I enjoy working with my hands and I like to be busy. I enjoy working with wood and make things at home in my spare time. I am keen to find a practical job where I can learn new skills.
Education and Qualifications
2007 – 2012 Longford School

Expected grades

English C/D
Maths D/E
Design Technology B/C
Science (Double) C/D
Work Experience

2011 (2 weeks)
AB Builders, Ramsgate
I helped to fix plaster board and floorboards and painted them with primer. The employer gave me a very good report and said I was “very enthusiastic”.

Skills Profile:

Practical Skills – I enjoy Design Technology with is my best subject. I have made and designed variety of things using wood, metal and plastic.

Team work – I particularly enjoy football and other team sports. I am a school prefect and have been a member of the Army Cadets for two years.

Reliability – I have 100% attendance last year at school


I enjoy DIY in the garden, fixing fences, repairing paths and I helping to put in a new shed. I also enjoy helping my neighbour with his car, checking tyres and oil.


I have had paper round, delivering the weekly paper in the area. I also worked with a family friend helping to prepared for a wedding including preparing tables and clearing up afterwards


Good references available on requests including school and character references

Other tips for our CV


Spelling and grammar


Check spellings and not just with a spell checker

Check what you have said make sure it makes sense and is good English

Make sure you don’t use American spelling


Being to the point


Employers may skim read

Use attention grabbing phrases or even bullet points

Think about what you are trying to say




Tailor your CVs to suit the type of employer you are using it with

Bring these requirements out in your CV (if it’s a shop they will want to know how you get on with people)

What is the employer is specifically seeking?




Tailor your CVs to suit the type of employer you are using it with

Bring these requirements out in your CV (if it’s a shop they will want to know how you get on with people)

What is the employer is specifically seeking?


Include any relevant experience you can


Voluntary work

Voluntary organisations you have linked with

Work Experience

Clubs (even if you left Scouts a year ago it is still relevant)
School events Part time jobs (See the example in the CV which includes a very brief job)

The overall look


Think about what your CV looks like aesthetically

Use lots of white

Don’t write too much

Think about the quality of paper (very cheap paper doesn’t look as good)


Support statements about yourself...

  ...“I am good with people and can communicate well with others”
“My experience with the Air Training Corps as a Corporal has helped me to develop my interpersonal skills”

Making the most of yourself


If you are good at something tell the employer

It is easy to undersell yourself but this is your opportunity to sell yourself to an employer

Don’t miss out important information about your skills, qualities, prizes, achievements


Contacting you


Make it as easy as possible for the employer to contact you

Include an email address (make sure you check your email regularly and make sure your email address is businesslike;
Bad crazygirl@postme.org
Good jessicawood5@postme.org

Check basics like your phone numbers to make sure they are correct

Think about Facebook accounts during the time you are looking for work, employers may view these.
Give an alternative contact number    



First impressions are important get someone to give your CV a 30 second check to make sure it comes over well

Ask for constructive criticism  

Get several people to check your CV through properly

CV covering letter

A letter which is sent with a CV doesn’t have to be long but in a short space you need to be able to get your message across. You may say something like

“I am currently seeking work or training in the construction industry. I have a particular interest in bricklaying and carpentry but I am also interested in all building trades. I have had some work experience with AB Smith which I really enjoyed. I helped with plaster board fixing and finishing.

I would be very interested to hear about any possible opportunities that you may have within your company and would be available to call along for an interview at any time that is convenient with you. I have enclosed my CV which includes further information as well as my contact details. I look forward to hearing from you”.

Approaching employers - The interview

An interview may happen at a moment’s notice following a period of job hunting perhaps. It is important to be ready for the event. The following section looks at what to expect and how to prepare.

What are employers looking for?

Communication skills

A lot is to do with being comfortable when talking to people and this is something that you can develop as a skill

Usually on the top of the list with employers is “communication skills”. This can mean how you come over in an interview, how you deal with people, whether you are polite or confident or enthusiastic. Everyone has a different personality and it is important to develop your skills and make the most of what you have. If you are quiet or shy you can still be a good communicator. A lot is to do with being comfortable when talking to people and this is something that you can develop as a skill.


Employers want to see if you are good at sticking to things

Evidence of this could be your good record of attendance at school, a good work experience report, belonging to organisations such as scouts or sports clubs or learning an instrument. Employers want to see if you are good at sticking to things or likely to give up at the first barrier. Anything you can be ready to use as an example to show this will be helpful.

Team work

This subject often comes up at interview and it is good to have a couple of examples of times where you have worked effectively as part of a team

If you are able to get on with other people, whether they are customers, staff members or managers, you are likely to do well at work. This is a valuable skill whether you are still at school or have been working for some time. Things get done much easier if the group cooperates with each other. This subject often comes up at interview and it is good to have a couple of examples of times where you have worked effectively as part of a team.

Previous work experience

Any jobs you have done can be a helpful source of information about you

If you are still at school you may have taken part in a work experience placement at school or had a part time job or have worked with a family member, employers will be keen to know how you got on. Any jobs you have done can be a helpful source of information about you. It is your chance to give positive statements at interview about your attitude to work. “I worked with my brother over the summer laying a path It was hard work in the sun all day but I enjoyed it”. “I did two weeks in a local hairdressers, I was on my feet all day and came home tiered but I loved it there, the staff were so friendly”.


Employers like to see a willingness and ability to do a variety of things whether this be making coffee for everyone or taking a phone message even if this is not your job

Employers may expect you to drop what you are doing and do something different. Sometimes this is hard especially when you are focused on what you have been told to do but the ability to work flexibly mean that you are happy to multitask. This is not always a natural thing to do but it is a very useful skill in the workplace. Employers like to see a willingness and ability to do a variety of things whether this be making coffee for everyone or taking a phone message even if this is “not your job”.

Initiative and lateral thinking

Employers like employees who can work intelligently, think ahead and use their initiative

Employers like employees who can work intelligently, think ahead and use their initiative. For example from work experience you may have some examples you can use
....a couple of times you finished work early but rather than sit around you tidied up and looked for other things to do
....when you noticed you were running low on certain things in the shop you told the manager who was pleased for the information so he could reorder

How to deal with interviews

Interviews can vary a great deal. With some employers it may take the form of an informal chat, others may include several staff members sitting behind a table in a boardroom. Whatever the set up of the interview it is your chance to show the employer that you have the skills and experience they need. Make sure you get across the things that you think the employer is looking for from the job description.

Four Things to Remember

1. Be prepared

.....say to yourself “I am in the right place, at the right time and I have everything I need” in this way you are taking control of the situation.

If you have prepared the day before it can really help to take the pressure off. Thinking about what to bring and where to go will mean you won’t be panicking on the day. Make sure you have looked the place up on the web, use “street view” if you can, check bus or train times, find out as much about the company you can. On the day itself, don’t catch the bus that will just get you there in time, get an earlier one. Before you go in say to yourself “I am in the right place, at the right time and I have everything I need” in this way you are taking control of the situation.

2. Think about what to wear

Dressing well will show the employer that the job matters to you

If you don’t know what to wear it is generally better to dress more formally, a suit or smart clothes and tie or business-like dress. Generally trainers are not a good idea unless your employer has clearly said “come as you are”. Get advice from people who have been for several interviews before. Dressing well will show the employer that the job matters to you even before you start the interview

3. Take your time

Employers are not trying to catch you out they just genuinely want to know who will be the best for the job…

It is easy to say “relax” but this is not always easy, especially if you really want the job. Don’t be afraid pausing and thinking about what to say before you answer a question. This will give you time for your brain to work. You may have some great things to say but if you rush you may forget to say them. Employers are not trying to catch you out they just genuinely want to know who will be the best for the job and in order to do this they need to get you talking about yourself.

4. Notes are good

It is quite acceptable to have a small notepad with you and actually looks quite professional

It also helps to give you space in an interview for you to think. Use this to write down certain things you might like to say. Often certain things you have done can be used to answer all kinds of questions. During your work experience you may have helped customers to find what they are looking for. This could be used to answer questions about communication skills, using your initiative, previous work experience, what you enjoyed at work, being flexible, how you have solved problems.

What sort of questions might you be asked?
Employers use questions to get you talking and to see how you communicate but they also ask questions to find out what kind of person you are and what kind of experience you have had There are different types of questions, some are “open” and are aimed to help you to say more than just a couple of words, some are specific, perhaps challenging others are more thoughtful, encouraging you to think

Open or “general” questions
" why do you want the job?”,
“tell me about yourself?”

Specific questions
“what experience do you have that might help in the job?”
“what did you dislike about your last job”

Thoughtful questions (where you have to think how to answer)

“ tell me a time when you achieved something as part of a team”
“give an example of something you did that you were proud of”

Interview Tips
Stick to positive experiences
Never say bad things about your last employer, this may indicate, wrongly, you are a negative person

Pauses aren’t bad
Don’t be afraid of pausing before answering questions this will give your brain time to work It can also slow the interview down which will give you time to think through your answers

Prepare the day before
Prepare well, think of examples of things you can weave into all kinds of answers, things you did during work experience, projects or events you have taken part in, organisations you have belonged to

Practice makes perfect
Practice answering interview questions out loud, perhaps record yourself and play it back if possible. Then answer the same questions again and see how you improve each time you try. You will find it is like storey telling and your brain gets used recalling the information which can be used in answering different questions.


If you would prefer to work when you leave school an apprenticeship will give you the opportunity to work towards a job related qualification while working. There are several things you need to think about.

Which level is right for you?
Often apprentices work towards a “level two” qualification but if you already have 4 or 5 GCSEs at a C grade, or above, you may possibly be able to be studying towards a “level three” qualification. With some practical trades (things like carpentry, catering or hairdressing) you would start at the lower level because you won’t necessarily have had the chance to learn the basics of the trade at school. Whatever level you start at some apprenticeships will lead to long term training in trades and professions potentially even to HNC, HND and Degree level.

Is it a permanent position or for a specific length of time?

Some employers will make a commitment to employing you on a permanent basis from the word go. Some may offer you a permanent position at a later stage, perhaps depending on opportunities developing within the company. Some offers are for an agreed period only, usually a year, where you will be able to gain skills and experience and then move on. These can still be useful opportunities but it is important to know this before you start.

Looking for an apprenticeship
Often opportunities are advertised on apprenticeships.org.uk or other similar websites. Frequently employers may post these over the summer and as late as July and August. Approaching employers directly can also lead to opportunities. This will depend on the type of work but employers with a reception point are easiest as you can visit the employer in person and drop off a CV
For information about courses use www.kentchoices4u.com

Sixth form Courses

Sixth forms may offer a wide range qualifications, usually at level three, including A levels in familiar subjects like History, Biology and Maths or “Vocational” qualifications (job related subjects) such as Health and Social Care. It is important to find out as much as you can about the sixth form before you go. Does its study style and atmosphere suit you? Ask around and try to find out more about these kinds of things before you go for interview.

The frequency and quantity of homework may be a helpful guide. At interview is good to say why you want to join the school and show commitment in wanting to do well. If you have a career plan or other long term plan this could be useful to mention at interview as it also shows a reason behind your commitment to study. For information about courses use www.kentchoices4u.com

College Courses

Local colleges usually offer a wide range of vocational (job related) subjects and some will offer academic subjects such as GCSE retakes and A levels. Subjects range from practical subjects like painting and decorating or beauty therapy to technical subjects such electrical engineering and medical science. Usually colleges offer courses at a wide range of levels from level I, and lower, to Degree level.

Colleges include students from a wide range of age and background and this can give the whole experience of going to college a different atmosphere. If you decide to go to college you will need to be able to work independently and be self motivated toward studying. Think about the study style, which may be different to what you are used to. Talk to tutors and students about the kind of work pattern you might expect. For information about courses use www.kentchoices4u.com

Examples of Vocational Qualifications - Construction

General Construction
General construction courses offer the chance to study a number of trades alongside each other. Commonly these might include things like bricklaying, carpentry, plumbing and electrical as well as other trades. These are useful for students who are undecided about which trade to specialise in but they can also link with professions such as surveying and site management.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Maintenance Occupations


General Construction

Building services engineering

Bricklaying courses include classroom and practical aspects. You will learn how to build walls, chimneys, arches and piers as well as well as how to prepare materials for mixing and make calculations. You will also learn about working at heights and cover safe working practices.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Trowel Trades




A carpentry course will teach you how to work from plans, use a variety of machinery and hand trowels, saws, gauges, squares and chisels to make window frames, stair cases, roof joists as well as how to make a range of joints. The course will teach you about working on site and cover health and safety aspects.Names of courses in this field can include:

Site Carpentry

Carpentry and Joinery

Bench Joinery

Construction, wood trades

Electrical can vary but “electricians” courses (often called electrical installation) can include anything from wiring in a cooker to wiring up a new home on a building site. Check the detail of the course as some courses can also include a much broader range of skills from electronic repair and pc maintenance to heavy electrical wiring and manufacturing.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Electrical Installation

Electrotechnical Technology

Plumbing courses will train you in all aspects of the trade including how to install hot and cold water systems from scratch as well as heating systems, installation of toilets and baths. It will include how to cut, bend and fix copper tubing as well as how to diagnose faults. You may also learn about lead work (lead roofing) which is another aspect of the trade.
Names of courses in this field can include:


Electrical and Plumbing in Construction

Plumbing (Building Services)

Plumbing - Basic Plumbing Studies

Painting and Decorating
Painting and decorating courses will train you in surface preparation (sanding down and getting surfaces ready for painting), application of surface coatings (how to use different types of paint), paperhanging, paint spraying and estimating (how to price up a job). You will learn how to paint small and intricate surfaces through to covering large areas both inside and outside as well as how to use ladders and scaffolding. Names of courses in this field can include:

Construction: Painting & Decorating

General construction (with painting and decorating)

Painting and Decorating


Plastering courses will cover both wet plastering as well as dry lining. Wet plastering involves a high level of skill and you will learn how to prepare and apply plaster to different surfaces such as walls and ceilings both inside and out. Your main tools are a hawk (the board where the plaster is held) and float which is a special trowel to smooth the plaster onto the surface.
Names of courses in this field can include:


General Construction (with plastering)

Roofing courses are specialist courses and not always offered by the nearest local colleges. They are sometimes offered on a part time, block or day release basis (for example one week every month). The training involves learning about a variety of roof coverings including traditional slates and concrete tiles. You will also learn about safe working practices, which is an important aspect due to the fact you would be working at heights.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Roof occupations (Roof Slater and Tiler)

Built-up felt roofing



Similar to roofing, scaffolding courses are often offered on a part time, block or day release basis and are not always available at nearest local colleges. You would be learning how to construct scaffolding towers and structures safely. The training involves a high level of safety input due to the job involving working at heights.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Tower Scaffolding


Scaffolding Safety

Office and Business

Business studies
Business studies courses look at the business world in the broadest sense. You may be able to specialise to a certain extent and the types of areas you could study include marketing, people at work, retail, law, accounting, human resources (employment of staff), management, finance and entrepreneurship (running a business).
Names of courses in this field can include:

Business Management

Business Studies

Business and Finance

Business Administration
Business Administration Business and Retail

Focus is on developing the skills needed for a modern office from production of letters, written tasks, maintaining databases including working as a team and with clients and customers. These courses tend to have a busy and business-like atmosphere which prompts students to have “work ready” approach.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Administrative and Secretarial Skills

Personal Assistant with Event Administration

Business and Administration

Secretarial (Medical/Legal)
Business, Administration and Customer Service    

Accounting and Book-Keeping
Accounting courses include training in things like costing, using computerised and manual systems, as well as purchase, sales and general ledger which are ways of keeping account of things purchased and sold by a company. Courses are frequently studied on a part time basis including evenings but full time courses are also available.

Names of courses in this field can include:





Information Technology and Computing
Computing and IT courses can vary and it a good idea to check the content of courses and compare them. Some courses are strongly linked with the business world and others have a lot in common with the technical industries such as engineering. Course content can include anything from database systems, website development, computer games development and animation, to learning programming languages, mathematical reasoning and engineering based thinking.
Names of courses in this field can include:


ICT (Information and Communication Technology )

Computer Science

IT (Information Technology)
Computer Technology IT Practitioners

Travel and Tourism
Travel and tourism courses include a range of skills and topics including selling, communication and customer service. As well as learning about travel destinations in the UK and worldwide you will also learn about different roles in the industry such as the Resort Representative, Air Cabin Crew, jobs in the Cruise industry as well as the Retail side of work (High Street Travel Agents).
Names of courses in this field can include:

Travel and Tourism (Events Management)

Travel Training

Leisure Studies

Business in the Retail and Travel Sector
Air Cabin Crew Leisure and Tourism
Travel and Tourism Management    
Land based and Animals

Agricultural courses are usually offered at specialist centres or agricultural colleges. You will learn about how to work with machinery safely as well as tractors and other equipment on the farm. You will learn how to handle and look after livestock (such as cows, pigs and sheep) and how to recognise and work with crops from seed to harvest. Teaching will include both tuition in the classroom and a realistic working environment.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Agriculture (Poultry Production)

Agriculture (Livestock Production)

Agriculture (Mixed Farming)

Countryside and Environment
Agriculture (Crop Production)    

Horticultural courses can include specialisms such as amenity horticulture (parks and gardens), green keeping (golf courses and sports pitches), and commercial horticulture (such as growing soft fruit, tomatoes or cucumbers). Depending on whether you specialise or do a more general course you would cover things like soil science, recognising diseases, safe use of chemicals and maintenance of lawns and pitches.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Horticulture (Parks, Gardens & Greenspaces)

Horticulture (Production Horticulture)

Horticulture (Greenkeeping or Groundsmanship)

Horticulture (Landscaping)
Horticulture & Conservation Land-Based Studies

Floristry courses include aspects such as floral design, buying, customer service and practical elements involving making of wreaths and arrangements for weddings and special occasions. Depending on the level, courses can include business management, ownership (of a floristry business) and teaching.
Names of courses in this field can include:


Flower Arranging

Floristry (Land-Based Studies)


Countryside management
Countryside management aims to prepare students for careers such as conservation, land management, game keeping, countryside warden and ranger positions as well as environmental careers. Practical experience is sometimes available through links with local rural estates and farms including woodland environments and waterways.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Countryside and Environment

Game management

Countryside Management

Environmental Conservation

Animal Care and Animal Management
Animal care courses are both practical and classroom based and specialise in the care, welfare and management of animals of all kinds. They include the recognition of illness and disease, correct feeding, cleaning (as well as “mucking out”) and grooming of animals. These courses usually specialise in domestic animals and pets including dogs, cats, rabbits, birds, reptiles, fish, small mammals and sometimes more exotic pets (depending on the centre).
Names of courses in this field can include:

Animal Management

Veterinary Nursing

Animal Care

Horse Care
Agriculture (Livestock production) Animal Nursing Assistant

Game Management
Game management involves learning how to rear and preserve game birds, such as pheasants and partridges, from the incubator to release. These courses are often highly practical and will include class based elements too. You will also learn about the protection of young birds and about the management and safety of the shoots.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Game Management

Game keeping

You will learn how to raise young trees, manage and conserve woodland, be aware of signs of disease, identify tree types and understand and appreciate other woodland species. You will also learn about tree surgery, safe use of power tools, tree felling techniques and legislation as well as inspection of trees.Names of courses in this field can include:

Tree surgery




Fisheries management
Fisheries management courses are usually offered by specialist centres. The training can include both the conservation as well as the faming side of the industry but this will depend on the course. It could include how to rear fish and maintain the fishery environment, hygiene and fish health, how to spot and treat signs of disease, tank maintenance and water treatment and supply.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Land-Based Studies (Fisheries)

Fish Management

Fish Husbandry


Veterinary Nursing
Veterinary Nursing courses focus on veterinary practice, animal health and welfare, radiography (x rays) and medical and surgical nursing. Often courses are linking with existing training programmes of local veterinary surgeries and certain parts of training can take place in the work environment. This role often involves supporting the veterinary surgeon during operations as well as cleaning of equipment and surgery after use.Names of courses in this field can include:

Veterinary Nursing

Veterinary Practice Receptionists

Veterinary Care Assistants

Animal Nursing Assistant

Horse care
Horse care courses are often highly practical courses and often linked will local stables. Students will learn about horse welfare (such as grooming, feeding and recognitions of signs of illness), aspects such as conformation (horse physiology), riding techniques, stable management and, depending on the course, riding instruction.Names of courses in this field can include:

Horse management

British Horse Society

Horse Care and Horse management


Medical Science
Medical science courses are both practical (in the laboratory) and classroom based; they will cover things like Human Biology, Genetics and Microbiology. They may well also cover techniques such as X-rays and MRI scanning.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Applied Science (Medical Science)

Science (Medical)

Medical Science


Forensic Science
Forensic science is a popular way of learning the practical application of a wide range of subjects including Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Psychology and Law. It also covers areas such as working in the science industry, scientific investigation and techniques, criminology, forensic collection and analysis, genetics and genetic engineering
Names of courses in this field can include:

Applied Science (Forensic Science)

Forensic Science

Science Applied (Forensic)

Behavioral Science

Applied Science
Applied science will give you the opportunity to study within the Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences. It is a broad course involving practical study and investigations. Depending on the course and options you may also be able to study engineering, diseases and infections, astronomy, physiology and also learn about career paths and jobs in the industry.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Applied Science

Medical Science

Forensic Science

Behavioural Science

Mechanical Engineering

Engineering courses cover skills ranging from computer aided design, learning about mechanical systems such as pneumatics (air powers systems) to the operation of lathes, drilling machines and milling machines to make finished items in steel and other materials. These are often highly practical courses but also include classroom aspects such as engineering drawing and calculations. Some engineering courses combine elements of electrical engineering.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Engineering and product design

Engineering and Technology

Performing Engineering Operations

Marine Construction, Systems Engineering and Maintenance
Engineering and Production Engineering, Science, Technology and Maths
Engineering and Technology Mechanical General Engineering

Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Electrical and Electronic courses may include everything from the repair of PCs and electronic production (manufacturing), through to electrical maintenance, serving and manufacture of heavier electrical items from washing machines to large electrical motors. You will cover electrical circuitry and testing, electronic components and wiring as well as learning about a variety of electronic devices.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Electrotechnical Technology


Engineering (Electronics)

Electrical/Electronic Engineering
Engineering (Electrical/Electronic Engineering)    
Sport and fitness courses

Sport and fitness courses will vary and it is a good idea to compare courses. They can include elements of science such as learning about the bones, muscles, heart, lungs and blood circulation. You could learn about personal fitness as well as methods of developing fitness in others. Other aspects can include development of training regimes, fitness instruction and training, sports injuries, sports leadership, coaching and officiating (sometimes including particular awards for certain sports), sports techniques, nutrition, healthy lifestyles, psychology relating to sports performance and business skills.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Sport (Development Coaching & Fitness)

Sport and Recreation, Teaching, Coaching and Instruction

Sports Studies

Personal Training
Sports, Exercise and Health Science Sports Performance and Excellence (Football)
Physical Education Sport, Health and Fitness (Gym Instruction)
Catering, Hospitality and Chefs courses

Some catering courses are quite broad covering a variety of aspects of the business including silver service waiting, housekeeping, bar work, menu planning and food preparation and cooking. Some will specialise in cooking techniques and you would learn about frying, baking, roasting, grilling, poaching to name a few. You will be using all kinds of fresh foods, meats, fruit and vegetables and learn about safe working practices in the kitchen as well as food safety and hygiene.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Professional Cookery

Catering & Hospitality


Professional Catering

Art and Design

Art and design courses can cover a variety of aspects from graphic design to fine art (painting), photography, ceramics (pottery) and textiles. General Art and Design courses would give you the opportunity to sample a variety of techniques and media and these are a popular route into further specialist training. You will usually need a portfolio (folder of work) to show at interview.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Art and Design

Media Studies


Graphic Design Product Design

Media courses

Media courses can cover a range of aspects and courses may have a different angle. These aspects can include film, journalism, video production, advertising, public relations, marketing, TV and radio production, visual media , animation, web marketing and design
Names of courses in this field can include:

Interactive Media

Media Production (Film and Television)

Media Studies

Creative media (Games)
Creative Media Production Creative Arts -Interactive Digital Media & Photography
IT and Media Productions    


Photography courses will vary but you will gain experience of a range of methods. This might include film photography techniques including dark room processing through to digital photography, media suites, editing and online storage as well as printing, display and marketing. You may also learn about different types and techniques of photo taking from portraiture (faces), to still life, landscapes and experimental photography.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Photography and Digital Imaging

Creative Arts Diploma (Art, Media, Photography)

Art and Design (Photography)

Photography and Digital Imaging
Music and Performing Arts

Music and Music Technology courses

Music courses may cover a variety of aspects from: employment opportunities in the industry, music theory, music technology, composing, arranging and performance. Students may be able to focus on particular music styles and also choose particular instruments (or vocals) to support their studies. Music Technology courses make use of multi-track systems, both computerised and studio and can cover management of music events, performances and live production.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Music Technology

Creative Arts Diploma -Music Performance


Performing Arts & Music Technology
Music Performance    

Performing Arts

Performing Arts can offer a wide range of aspects including dance, drama and music. For courses which include all three together you may need to be prepared to be involved in each area. You will be involved in productions and performing but there are also classroom elements such as event planning so it is important to check this to make sure the course suits you.
Names of courses in this field can include:


Performing Arts Dance
Performing Arts Drama Performing Arts Acting
Performing Arts Musical Theatre Drama and Theatre Studies -Performing Arts Acting
Performance Production Arts


Dance courses cover a wide range of dance types and there may be an opportunity to focus on areas of interest. Aspects covered may include: performance, appreciation of dances, choreography, dance planning, principles of health, fitness and safe dance practice, basic anatomy of a dancer, understanding the relationship of music to dance, varieties of music to dance to, creating, developing and assisting with the performance of a simple dance piece, create dance pieces to teach to others, leadership skills in dance, dance Improvisation
Names of courses in this field can include:

Performing Arts Dance

Dance Leadership


Public Services

Public Services courses aim to develop an understanding of roles within the Police, Emergency, Fire Services, Security, Prison Services and the Armed Services. Courses include aspects such as teamwork development, nutrition and lifestyle, fitness (including improvement of personal health and fitness), participation in outdoor adventurous activities to develop leadership, discipline and trust, understanding of the impact of crime and volunteering including a volunteering activity.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Uniformed Public Services

Public Services (uniformed)

Public Services


Child Care

Child care courses include aspects such as child development (life stages of babies and children), supporting children’s play and learning, how to making sure children are safe, basics of child health and nutrition and developing skills and attitudes for working with children. In many cases you will also have the opportunity to gain experience with children in a nursery, school, crèche or through activities organised by the college
Names of courses in this field can include:

Early Years Care

Health, Social Care and Early Years
Childcare and Education Child Development
Children and Young People's Workforce Children’s Care Learning and Development
Child Care    

Health and Social Care

Health and Social Care courses focus on the development of skills in career areas relating to the care and support people of all ages with a variety of individual care needs. Courses include elements such as communication, equality, diversity and rights, security, protection from harm and abuse, decision making, assessment of care needs, risk assessments, medication, development through the life stages, anatomy and physiology (aspects of human biology). You will learn how to communicate effectively with people working in the care sector and how to be responsible for health and safety aspects of individuals and their surroundings.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Health and Social Care

Children and Young People Workforce

Child Care



Hairdressing courses combine practical skills such as shampooing, hair cutting techniques, plaiting, styling and finishing but is also covers other aspects such as communicating with clients, giving advice, sales techniques and reception duties. You will also learn the theory side which includes things like health and safety in the workplace, learning about perming and colouring hair.
Names of courses in this field can include:



Woman’s Hairdressing

  Hair and Beauty

Beauty Therapy

Beauty Therapy courses cover things like manicure, pedicure (foot care), facial treatments, eye treatments, waxing and make up. You will usually have the opportunity to try out treatments and possibly go on trips. As well as practical aspects there is also theory including health and safety, learning about products and the structure of the skin and treatments.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Beauty Consultancy

Spa therapies
Beauty Therapy Nail Technology, Nail Services
Hair and Beauty Beauty Therapy Massage
Beauty Specialist Diploma Theatrical, Special Effects & Media Make-Up
Cosmetic Make-Up & Beauty Consultancy    
Motor Mechanics

Motor mechanics courses include the opportunity to learn about cars and other vehicles in detail. You will learn about the braking system, transmission (gears), electrical system, fuel system, wheels, tyres and the engine itself. Depending on the course you could cover aspects of body repair including welding and paint spraying. There will be practical aspects as well as theory where you will learn about health and safety in the workshop, understanding manuals and use of tools and equipment.
Names of courses in this field can include:

Automotive Vehicle Maintenance and Repair

Motor Vehicle Maintenance and Repair
Motorcycle Servicing & Repair Vehicle Maintenance - Body Repair and Refinishing
Vehicle Maintenance - Light Vehicle Vehicle Technology (Motorsports)
Light Vehicle Maintenance and Repair    

How to look up and apply for courses

Most full time courses in Kent are listed on www.kentchoices4u.com. You can apply for courses using the system if you have an unlock code (which will be sent to you during the first term of year 11). You can then go into the system and choose your own password and user name. If you have not received an unlock code ask your careers teacher or careers adviser for help.

The system will enable you to select courses onto “my courses”. From here you can apply to a particular organisation and the system will take you through a standard application form. It is important to remember that this is how the school or college will select suitable applications so make sure you take time over the application

Important things to remember (do’s and don’ts)

Do check your spellings

Do use a Word Processer to help complete longer boxes and then paste in
Do think carefully about what you want to say, draft it out beforehand if you need to
Don’t fill the form in too quickly
Do get someone to look over your application form
Do spend time telling the college about yourself
Do make sure the form relates to the course you are applying for (you may be a applying for two different courses)
Don’t use “text speak”
Don’t forget to use capitals in the right places

You can message the school or college you are applying to or your adviser if you have any questions. Generally speaking you will hopefully be able to find the courses you want by typing in the name of the course such as “carpentry”. To make sure you have captured all of the courses in the area you can also try a search using other related words, for example Construction and Wood Occupations.

Another way to make sure you have all possible courses it is to do a “provider search” using the provider tab on the main search page. This way you can check courses offered, for example, by a particular college or school in the area.

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